Mussoorie is a hill station and a municipal board in the Dehradun District of the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand. At a distance of 33 km from Dehradun, 187 km from Ambala, 197 km from Chandigarh, 278 km from Delhi, 263 km from Shimla and 310 km from Nainital, Mussoorie is a popular hill station in Dehradun district of Uttarakhand state. This is one of the most popular hill stations in Uttarakhand and also one of the best tourist places near Delhi. Mussoorie is one of the wellknown Uttarakhand tourism destinations.
It is one of the best 2 day trip from Delhi city. Mussoorie is situated atop a horseshoe crest on the mountains of Garhwal at an average altitude of 1880 m. Mussoorie offers commanding views of the underlying Doon Valley and the magnificent Himalayas. The highest in the region is Lal Tibba in Landour, with a height of over 2,275 m. Mussoorie is called the gateway to the Yamunotri and Gangotri, two sacred destinations known to be the origin of rivers Ganga and Yamuna respectively.
Mussoorie gets its name from the Mansoor plant that grows in abundance in this region. It was founded in 1820 by Captain Young from the British army. The British officials visited it as a getaway from the heat during summer. During the 1959 Tibetan Rebellion, the Central Tibetan Administration of 14th Dalai Lama was first established in Mussoorie before being moved to its present location in Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh. The first Tibetan school was established in Mussoorie in 1960.
The lush green hills, the varied flora and fauna and the majestic view of the Himalayas attract thousands of tourists both domestic and international to Mussoorie each year. Mussoorie has several interesting tourist places like Kempty Falls, Gun Hill, Camel’s Back Rock, Jharipani Falls, Mall Road, Childer’s Lodge, Bhatta Falls, Dhanaulti, and Kanatal. Mussoorie also offers some adventure and shopping opportunities. Tourists can enjoy horse riding or a leisurely walk across Camel’s Back Road and a ropeway ride to the top of Gun Hills.
Mussoorie has also developed into an important center of education and business. It is also famous for the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration where officers are trained for the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service. Mussoorie has several European schools, which started during the colonial period. Some of the oldest and best boarding schools in the country are located here.
Jolly Grant Airport at Dehradun is the nearest airport, which is about 58 km from Mussoorie. It is well connected by flight with Delhi. The nearest railhead is at Dehradun, 34 km from Mussoorie. It has trains from Delhi, Okha, Indore, Trivandrum, Ujjain, Madurai, Saharanpur, Mumbai, Allahabad, Gorakhpur, Varanasi, Amritsar, Howrah and Kathgodam. Mussoorie has two bus stations, Library Bus Stand (inter-state buses) and Picture Palace Bus Station (buses to nearby places). It has buses from Delhi, Dehradun, Haridwar, Shimla and Saharanpur.
Mussoorie has pleasant climate throughout the year. During spring, the town looks beautiful with blossoming flowers all around and the trees looking lush and green. The best season to visit Mussoorie is between April to June and again from September to November.